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Unstated

Scott Hames

£12.99

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The Liberty Tree

Murray Armstrong

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Inspired by Independence

National Collective

£25.00

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Yes

James Foley

£9.00

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Arguing for Independence

Stephen Maxwell

£7.99

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Something Chronic

Bob Cant

£8.99

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Outside the Narrative

Tom Leonard

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Scotland Yet

Jack Foster

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Inspiring Women

STUC Women's Committee

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Scottish Independence

Cat Boyd

£6.99

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The Lannan Literary Awards

The Lannan Literary Awards


The Lannan Literary Awards and Fellowships were established in 1989 to honor both established and emerging writers whose work is of exceptional quality. Over the last 19 years, Lannan Foundation, through its Awards and Fellowships program, has awarded 171 writers and poets more than $13 million. The awards recognize writers who have made significant contributions to English-language literature. The fellowships recognize writers of distinctive literary merit who demonstrate potential for continued outstanding work.

Anne Stevenson
2007 Lannan Lifetime Achievement Award

After more than 40 years living in Britain, the American lyric poet Anne Stevenson “has never lost that sense of being on the edge of things, artistically and geographically (and) that is where the clarity and perspective of her art come from” according to England’s Poet Laureate, Andrew Motion. Much admired in poetry circles on both sides of the Atlantic and often cited as a role model for women poets, she has published 17 volumes of poetry noted for their musical quality.

A. L. Kennedy
2007 Lannan Literary Award for Fiction

A. L. Kennedy was born in Dundee, Scotland, in 1965 and lives in Glasgow. Her books include three collections of stories, six novels, and two works of nonfiction. Since the publication of her first collection of short fiction, Night Geometry and the Garscadden Trains (1991), Kennedy has been acclaimed for her innovative voice. Other titles include So I Am Glad (1995), Everything You Need (1999), Indelible Acts: Stories (2004), and Paradise (2005). Her latest novel, Day (2007), is set during and after World War II. She has received many literary prizes including the Somerset Maugham Award, the Encore Award, and the Saltire Scottish Book of the Year Award. Kennedy has been a long-time columnist for The Guardian newspaper, a judge for the Booker and Orange Prizes, a journalist and reviewer, and a university lecturer. Of fiction she has said, “It is the form that proves most deeply that other human beings are as human as we are.”


Susan Straight
2007 Lannan Literary Award for Fiction

Susan Straight’s novels include I Been in Sorrow’s Kitchen and Licked Out All the Pots (1993), Blacker Than a Thousand Midnights (1994), The Gettin Place (1996), and Highwire Moon (2001), which was a finalist for The National Book Award. Her essays have appeared in Harper’s, salon.com, The Los Angeles Times Magazine, The New York Times, and on National Public Radio’s All Things Considered. Straight’s latest novel, A Million Nightingales (2007), continues her singularly beautiful exploration of race in America. Her short stories have appeared in McSweeney’s and Zoetrope, among other publications. She has been awarded the California Book Prize, a Guggenheim Fellowship, a Pushcart Prize, and a Best American Short Story Award. Straight was born in Riverside, California, and lives there with her three daughters. She is professor of creative writing at the University of California, Riverside.

Mike Davis
2007 Lannan Literary Award for Nonfiction

Mike Davis was born in Fontana, California, 60 miles east of Los Angeles in 1946, and is a veteran of 1960’s civil rights and anti-war movements. From his first book, Prisoners of the American Dream (1986), about unionism in the United States, to his most recent, Buda’s Wagon: A Brief History of the Car Bomb (2007), Davis’ fearless writing in 18 books shines a fresh light on economic, social, environmental, and political injustice. Some of his other books include City of Quartz, Ecology of Fear, Magical Urbanism, Planet of Slums, Dead Cities, In Praise of Barbarians, and No One is Illegal. He is currently working on a book about climate change, water, and power in the U.S. West and northern Mexico. A former meat cutter and long-distance truck driver, Davis has been a fellow at the Getty Institute and was awarded a MacArthur Fellowship in 1998. He teaches at the University of California, Irvine.
Bruce Weigl
2006 Lannan Literary Award for Poetry

Bruce Weigl is the author of 12 collections of poetry, most recently Declension in the Village of Chung Luong which created “an eloquent spokesman for an entire generation of Americans whose lives were broken by the war and a country whose moral confusion desperately needed addressing.” His memoir, The Circle of Hahn, tells of his childhood in Ohio; his induction into the U.S. Army in 1967, and year in Vietnam that led to his passion for that country’s poetry and culture; and of a redemptive meeting in 1996 with his daughter-to-be at an orphanage outside Hanoi. He also has three collections of essays as well as translating and publishing books of Vietnamese poetry. His work has appeared in The New Yorker, The Paris Review, Harpers, and many other publications. In 2006 he was awarded a Lannan Literary Award for Poetry.


Kathryn Davis
2006 Lannan Literary Award for Fiction

Of her work, Kathryn Davis has said, “I’m interested in the plight of a character embarked on a journey through an utterly unfamiliar (and frequently fantastic) landscape…. The quest itself has never interested me as much as the chance to describe that other world.” In six extraordinary novels, Davis has bent and inventively explored the novel form itself. She is an unconventional, challenging, and daring writer.

Davis lives in Vermont, has taught at Skidmore College, and was recently appointed senior fiction writer in the Writing Program in Arts & Sciences at Washington University in St. Louis. She is a recipient of the Kafka Prize, the Morton Dauwen Zabel Award from the American Academy of Arts and Letters, and a Guggenheim Fellowship. Her novels are Labrador (Farrar, Straus, & Giroux, 1988); The Girl Who Trod on a Loaf (Knopf, 1993); Hell; (Ecco, 1998) The Walking Tour (Houghton Miflin, 1999); Versailles (Houghton Miflin, 2002); The Thin Place (Little, Brown, 2006).

Tim Flannery
2006 Lannan Literary Award for Nonfiction

Tim Flannery is on a mission. He believes human activity is drastically altering the earth’s climate, and in time these changes will have a devastating effect. In The Weather Makers: How Man is Changing the Climate and What it Means for Life on Earth, he traces the story of climate change over millions of years and exposes the substantial, human-induced impact and likely effects if this process continues. He then proposes a plan to halt, and ultimately reverse, this trend. The book has been published in 32 countries and has played a key role in international discussion of the issue. A regular contributor to The New York Review of Books and The Times Literary Supplement, Flannery also contributes to NPR and the BBC.

Pattiann Rogers
2005 Lannan Literary Award for Poetry

Pattiann Rogers is considered one of America’s finest contemporary poets, writing densely detailed, thickly textured poems describing the natural world and one’s place in it. In the tradition of Emerson, Whitman, and Oliver, Rogers’s wise and complex poems read like a series of witty but deeply felt explorations of the physical world and the presence of the divine.

She is the author of twelve books of poetry including her newest collection Firekeeper: Selected Poems (2005), Generations (2004), and Song of the World Becoming: New and Collected Poems, 1981-2001. Prior awards include two National Endowment for the Arts grants, a Guggenheim Award, the Tietjens Prize and the Hokin Prize from Poetry magazine, and four Pushcart Prizes. She lives with her husband, a retired geophysicist, in Colorado.

Adam Hochschild
2005 Lannan Literary Award for Nonfiction

Adam Hochschild is a writer and a founding editor of Mother Jones. His books include Half the Way Home: A Memoir of Father and Son; The Mirror at Midnight: A South African Journey; The Unquiet Ghost: Russians Remember Stalin; Finding the Trapdoor: Essays, Portraits, Travels; the acclaimed King Leopold’s Ghost: A Story of Greed, Terror, and Heroism in Colonial Africa; and, most recently, Bury the Chains: Prophets and Rebels in the Fight to Free an Empire’s Slaves.

Hochschild is a former commentator on National Public Radio’s “All Things Considered.” He teaches writing at the Graduate School of Journalism at the University of California at Berkeley and lives in San Francisco.

The New American Militarism: How Americans are Seduced by War
2005 Lannan Literary Award for An Especially Notable Book

Andrew J. Bacevich is Professor of International Relations at Boston University. A graduate of the U. S. Military Academy, he received his PhD in American Diplomatic History from Princeton University. Before joining the faculty of Boston University in 1998, he taught at West Point and at Johns Hopkins University. His books include American Empire: The Realities and Consequences of U. S. Diplomacy and The Imperial Tense: Problems and Prospects of American Empire. His essays and reviews have appeared in a wide variety of scholarly and general interest publications including The Wilson Quarterly, The National Interest, Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, The Nation, The American Conservative, and The New Republic. Bacevich received the inaugural Lannan Literary Award for An Especially Notable Book in 2005 for his most recent book, The New American Militarism: How Americans are Seduced by War.

David G. Campbell
2005 Lannan Literary Award for Nonfiction

David G. Campbell, scientist, educator and author, joined the scientific staff of the New York Botanical Garden after earning a PhD at Johns Hopkins. He spent eight years in the field in the Brazilian Amazon conducting research on the biogeography of trees. In 1987 he joined the sixth Brazilian expedition to Antarctica, studying the life cycles and pathologies of the invertebrate parasites of crustaceans, fish and seals.

He is the author of The Ephemeral Islands: A Natural History of the Bahamas; The Crystal Desert: Summers in Antarctica; Islands in Space and Time, and most recently, A Land of Ghosts: The Braided Lives of People and the Forest in Far Western Amazonia. He is currently Professor of Biology at Grinnell College in Iowa.

Gilbert Sorrentino
2005 Lannan Lifetime Achievement Award

Gilbert Sorrentino, “like a reckless heir to Borges, Barthelme and Groucho Marx, co-opts the language of critical discourse to subvert his audience’s preconceptions and, in so doing, redraws the boundaries of ‘acceptable’ art” (The New York Times). For much of the 1950’s and 60’s, Sorrentino published literary journals and magazines and in 1965 took a job at Grove Press where his first editing assignment was Alex Haley’s The Autobiography of Malcolm X.

Sorrentino’s first novel, The Sky Changes, was published in 1966, and over 20 titles of fiction and poetry have followed. In 1973, Sorrentino published his most commercially successful work, Mulligan Stew. Of his novel, Blue Pastoral, the Atlantic Monthly says, “Sorrentino demonstrates, with a steady flow of puns, parodies, misquotations (deliberate), incorrect historical references (ditto), and hideous verse (presumably also ditto), that the country abounds in foolishness.”

Nadeem Aslam
2005 Lannan Literary Fellowship

Nadeem Aslam was born in Pakistan and immigrated with his family to Great Britain at the age of fourteen. He now lives in Huddersfield, West Yorkshire, in northern England.

His first novel, Season of the Rainbirds, was shortlisted for the Whitbread Best First Novel Award and the Mail on Sunday/John Llewelyn Rhys Memorial Prize; it won the Betty Trask Award and the Author’s Club Best First Novel Award. It was also on the longlist for the Booker Prize. His second novel, Maps for Lost Lovers, was awarded the Kiriyama Prize in fiction and the British Society of Author’s 2005 Encore Prize for best second novel. He is currently at work on a third novel, about America’s war on terror.

W.S. Merwin
2004 Lannan Lifetime Achievement Award

W.S. Merwin poet, translator, and environmental activist, has become one of the most widely read poets in America, with a career spanning five decades. The son of a Presbyterian minister, for whom he began writing hymns at the age of five, Merwin went to Europe as a young man and developed a love of languages that led to work as a literary translator.

Over the years, his poetic voice has moved from the more formal and medieval to a more distinctly American voice. W.S. Merwin’s recent poetry is perhaps his most personal, arising from his deeply held anti-imperialist, pacifist, and environmentalist beliefs. In 2005 he will have three new books: Migration: Selected Poems 1951-2001; a book of poems called Present Company; and the memoir Summer Doorways which chronicles his days as a student in seminary school and at Princeton, through the next years spent as a tutor for children of privilege living abroad.

William Merwin was the recipient of the 2004 Lannan Literary Lifetime Achievement Award.

Rikki Ducornet
2004 Lannan Literary Award for Fiction

Rikki Ducornet, a cosmopolitan and intellectual artist, has lived in North Africa, South America, France, and Canada. Of her most recent book, Gazelle, the Washington Post writes, ”[It] is a sensuous book. A mix of smells pervades its pages, from orange blossoms, perfumes, mint, almonds, limes, roses, jasmine, and long-simmered delicacies to animal dung, vinegar, urine, and long-buried mummies. Great stand-alone sentences are enough to make one’s mouth water.”

Peter Reading
2004 Lannan Literary Award for Poetry

Mr. Reading was born in Liverpool, England, in 1947 and studied painting at the Liverpool College of Art. He is one of the most inventive and challenging poets in England. His language is brilliantly original, compassionate, and laced with acid humor. Mr. Reading was the first writer to hold a one-year writing Lannan residency in Marfa, Texas. In June of 1999 Mr. Reading read from his work composed during his residency, as part of Readings & Conversations.

He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature in his native England. Reading is one of Britain’s most controversial poets: angry, gruesomely ironic, hilarious, heartbreaking, and prolific. His work is experimental, playing with formal traditions of English in liberating ways, and he has produced a body of work that is frequently interrelated across book titles. His poetry has been collected into three volumes by Bloodaxe (UK) and critical assessments of his work have been written by Neil Roberts, Sean O’Brien, and Anthony Thwaite. “Anger is a country Peter Reading has been colonising for years. . .his anger is expressed with classical clarity. Rage against the state of the nation, yes, but also rage against the darkness of death, exile, and inability to show love.” – The Observer (London)

Luís Alberto Urrea
2004 Lannan Literary Award for Nonfiction

Luís Alberto Urrea, poet, fiction, and nonfiction writer, was born in Tijuana, Mexico, in 1955 and grew up in San Diego. Steeped in personal knowledge of US/Mexico border culture, he is best known for his numerous books and essays where he writes “with a tragic and beautiful intimacy that has no equal.”(Boston Globe) His autobiographical Nobody’s Son: Notes from an American Life won an American Book Award in 1999, and Across the Wire was a New York Times notable book of the year in 1993.

The son of an Anglo-American mother and a Mexican father, he says, “Home isn’t just a place, it is also a language.”

Edward P. Jones
2003 Lannan Literary Award for Fiction

Edward P. Jones (Fiction) was born in 1950 in Washington, DC. He received a scholarship to Holy Cross College and earned his MFA at the University of Virginia. He has taught fiction at Princeton University, George Mason University, and the University of Maryland. For 19 years, prior to being laid off in early 2002, he worked for a tax analysis firm in Arlington, VA. Following the publication in 1992 of his short story collection, Lost in the City, he won a Lannan Literary Fellowship and a PEN/Hemingway Award and the collection was short-listed for a National Book Award. His first novel, The Known World, published in 2003, is also short-listed for a National Book Award.

Alistair MacLeod
2003 Lannan Literary Award for Fiction

Alistair MacLeod, a native of Canada, was born in1936 and raised in North Battleford, Saskatchewan and Cape Breton, Nova Scotia. He is the author of three collections of short stories, The Lost Salt Gift of Blood, As Birds Bring Forth the Sun and Other Stories, and Island, which collects in a single volume one new story and all of his previously published short stories.

His first book of fiction, No Great Mischief about a family emigrating from Scotland in 1779, was met with great critical acclaim.

A specialist in British literature of the nineteenth century, MacLeod has been a professor of English and Creative Writing at Windsor University since 1969. He and his family return every summer to Cape Breton where he spends part of his time, “writing in a cliff-top cabin looking west towards Prince Edward Island.”

John McGahern

2003 Lannan Literary Award for Fiction

John McGahern was born in Dublin in 1934 and resides in County Leitrim, Ireland. Generally considered by critics to be one of his country’s greatest living writers, McGahern is the author of five novels, which include the celebrated Amongst Women, published in 1990, and four collections of short stories.

In his most recent novel, By the Lake, he writes of life in a close-knit Irish rural community where, “the days disappear in the attendance of small tasks.” Of McGahern Irish poet and literary critic Seamus Deane says, “At last an Irish author has awakened from the nightmare of history and given us a sense of liberation which is not dependent on flight or emigration or escape.”

Rebecca Solnit
2003 Lannan Literary Award for Nonfiction

Rebecca Solnit is a writer, historian, and activist. Her books include A Book of Migrations: Some Passages in Ireland(1997), Hollow City: The Siege of San Francisco and the Crisis of American Urbanism (2000), As Eve Said to the Serpent: On Landscape, Gender, and Art (2001), and most recently River of Shadows: Eadweard Muybridge and the Technological Wild West (2003). She is a columnist for Orion, and a regular contributor to the Nation Institute’s Tomdispatch daily newsgram. Her next book will be Hope in the Dark: Untold Histories, Wild Possibilities.

John Berger
2002 Lannan Lifetime Achievement Award

Wade Davis
2002 Lannan Literary Award for Nonfiction

Alan Dugan
2002 Lannan Literary Award for Poetry

Peter Dale Scott
2002 Lannan Literary Award for Poetry

Peter Dale Scott was born in Montreal in 1929. His poetry books are the three volumes of his trilogy Seculum: Coming to Jakarta: A Poem About Terror; Listening to the Candle: A Poem on Impulse; and Minding the Darkness: A Poem for the Year 2000. An anti-war speaker during the Vietnam and U.S.-Iraq wars, he was a co-founder of the Peace and Conflict Studies Program at the University of California, Berkeley and of the Coalition on Political Assassinations. Mr. Scott lives in Berkeley, California.

Ahdaf Soueif
2002 Lannan Literary Fellowship

Ahdaf Soueif, born in Cairo, Egypt, is the author of three collections of short stories: Aisha, a collection of stories that was runner-up for The Guardian Fiction Prize, Sandpiper and other stories, and a collection of stories in Arabic which won The Cairo Book Fair Award for Best Short Stories of the Year.

Ms. Soueif is also the author of two works of fiction, In The Eye of the Sun, and her most recent novel, The Map of Love, that was short listed for The Booker Prize in 1999 and has been published in 12 countries. She is one of the most widely read Arab fiction writers in English. Ahdaf Soueif divides her time between London and Cairo.

Of her work Edward Said has said, “She has put Arab society and culture before the English reader with great ingenuity and inventiveness.”

Peter Matthiessen
2002 Lannan Lifetime Achievement Award

Peter Matthiessen, born in 1927, is a writer, naturalist, and explorer who has been praised as one of the “shamans of literature.” Mr. Matthiessen, whose work has been influenced by his practice of Zen Buddhism and his interest in indigenous cultures, lives in Sagaponack, New York.

Robert Creeley

2001 Lannan Lifetime Achievement Award

Robert Creeley, poet, novelist, short story writer, essayist, editor, and teacher, was born in Arlington, Massachusetts in 1926. He entered Harvard University in 1943, leaving after one year to drive an ambulance in India and Burma during World War II.

During the 1950s, after dropping out of Harvard, he taught at Black Mountain College in North Carolina and was an editor of its innovative literary journal, the Black Mountain Review.

Edward Said
2001 Lannan Lifetime Achievement Award

Edward Said, a renowned cultural and literary critic, was born in Jerusalem, Palestine, and was educated there, in Egypt, and the United States.

His books include Orientalism; The Question of Palestine; Covering Islam; Culture and Imperialism; Joseph Conrad and the Fiction of Autobiography; Representations of the Intellectual; and The Politics of Dispossession. He has also published a memoir, Out of Place.

Mr. Said is University Professor of English and Comparative Literature at Columbia University.
Evan S. Connell
2000 Lannan Lifetime Achievement Award

Robert Coover
2000 Lannan Literary Award for Fiction

David Malouf
2000 Lannan Literary Award for Fiction

Bill McKibben
2000 Lannan Literary Award for Nonfiction

Herbert Morris
2000 Lannan Literary Award for Poetry

Cynthia Ozick
2000 Lannan Literary Award for Fiction

Carl Safina
2000 Lannan Literary Award for Nonfiction

Leslie Marmon Silko

2000 Lannan Literary Award for Fiction

Leslie Marmon Silko was born in Albuquerque, New Mexico, of mixed ancestry — Anglo, Mexican, and Native American — and grew up at Laguna Pueblo. The Pueblo has been home to members of her family for generations and is where she learned traditional stories and legends from female relatives.

She is the author of six books which include poetry, fiction, and essays. In her novel Garden in the Dunes, Silko takes the reader on a grand tour of Europe in the era of Henry James, as seen through the eyes of a young Native American girl, Indigo, who is in flight from the destruction at the hands of the whites of her own tribal world.

Jay Wright
2000 Lannan Literary Award for Poetry

Jay Wright is a poet and playwright whose work focuses largely on personal biography, African American historical experience, and spiritual quests. Mr. Wright has been praised by critic Harold Bloom as “an authentic poet of the Sublime…laboring to make us forsake easier pleasures for more difficult pleasures.”

Mr. Wright was born in Albuquerque, New Mexico, and played semi-professional baseball before studying literature at the University of California at Berkeley and Rutgers University. The recipient of a MacArthur Fellowship, his poetry books include Boleros, The Double Invention of Komo, Dimensions of History, and Soothsayers and Omens.

Louise Glück
1999 Lannan Literary Award for Poetry

Louise Glück says of writing, ”[It] is not decanting of personality. The truth, on the page, need not have been lived. It is, instead, all that can be envisioned.”

Glück was appointed the United States Poet Laureate in 2003. She is the author of numerous books of poetry including The Seven Ages, and The Wild Iris, for which she received the Pulitzer Prize. Her most recent publication is a chapbook called October, identifying with the season of autumn, the dark of it and the beauty of it.

Dennis O'Driscoll

1999 Lannan Literary Award for Poetry

Dennis O’Driscoll, one of Ireland’s most widely published and respected critics of poetry, was born in County Tipperary, Ireland. A civil servant since the age of 16, he works for Irish Customs in Dublin.
He has published six collections of poetry, the most recent being Exemplary Damages. He has contributed to the Times Literary Supplement, Poetry, and the Harvard Review. O’Driscoll, who received a Lannan Literary Award for Poetry in 1999, was a featured author for Readings & Conversations in 2001 and 2003.

C.D. Wright
1999 Lannan Literary Award for Poetry

C.D. Wright can be described in many ways: she is an experimental writer, a Southern writer, and a socially committed writer, yet she continuously reinvents herself with each new volume. Much of her poetry is rooted in the landscape and people of her childhood in the Ozark Mountains of Arkansas.

She has written ten volumes of poetry and recently published Cooling Time, a book comprised of poetry, memoir and essay. In it she writes, “Many writers maintain a guarded border between language thick with hair and twigs and the reified, rarified stuff. No matter which side of the border poets live on, they tend to act as if they were being overrun. All I want is a day pass. I like to sleep in my own bed.” A recipient of a Lannan Literary Award and a MacArthur Fellowship, Wright is a professor of English at Brown University. With her husband, poet Forrest Gander, she edits Lost Roads Publishers.

Gish Jen
1999 Lannan Literary Award for Fiction

Gish Jen has published in The New Yorker, The Atlantic Monthly, The New Republic, The Los Angeles Times, and The New York Times, among other periodicals, as well as in numerous textbooks and anthologies, including The Best American Short Stories of the Century, edited by John Updike.

Jen has received grants from the Guggenheim Foundation, the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, the Fulbright Program, and the National Endowment for the Arts, and currently holds a Strauss Living from The American Academy of Arts and Letters. In 1999 she was awarded the Lannan Literary Award for Fiction.

She has published three novels. Her first book, Typical American (Houghton Mifflin, 1991), was a finalist for the National Book Critics’ Circle Award. Its sequel, Mona in the Promised Land (Knopf, 1996), was named one of the ten best books of 1996 by The Los Angeles Times. Her third novel is called The Love Wife. A story collection, Who’s Irish?, was published by Knopf in 1999. All of her books have been New York Times notable books.

Jamaica Kincaid
1999 Lannan Literary Award for Fiction

Jamaica Kincaid was born and raised in Antigua, West Indies. She is the author of My Brother, a memoir of her relationship with her brother who died of AIDS, which was nominated for the National Book Award.

She has also written three novels, The Autobiography of My Mother, Lucy, and Annie John, and a collection of stories, At the Bottom of the River. Critic Michiko Kakutani has said, “She writes with passion and conviction, and she also writes with a musical sense of language, a poet’s understanding of how politics and history, private and public events, overlap and blur.”

She lives in Bennington, Vermont, with her family.

Gary Paul Nabhan
1999 Lannan Literary Award for Nonfiction

Richard Powers
1999 Lannan Literary Award for Fiction

Richard Powers has said, “fiction can travel anywhere, and probably should.” He is the author of nine novels that explore connections among disparate disciplines such as photography, artificial intelligence, music composition, molecular biology, game theory, and American business. His recent novel, The Echo Maker, which won the 2006 National Book Award, is a gripping mystery that explores the improvised human self and the even more precarious brain that splits us from and joins us to the rest of creation. His other novels include Three Farmers on Their Way to a Dance, Prisoner’s Dilemma, The Gold Bug Variations, Operation Wandering Soul, Galatea 2.2, Gain, Plowing the Dark, and The Time of Our Singing. He has been called one of the greatest American novelists of his generation.

Adrienne Rich
1999 Lannan Lifetime Achievement Award

Adrienne Rich received the Lannan Foundation Lifetime Achievement Award in 1999. Born in 1929 in Baltimore, Maryland, she has written more than sixteen books of poetry, including Midnight Salvage, Dark Fields of the Republic, and An Atlas of the Difficult World.

Her essay collections include What is Found There: Notebooks on Poetry and Politics; Blood, Bread, and Poetry; On Lies, Secrets, and Silence; and Of Woman Born: Motherhood as Experience and Institution.

While in residence Ms. Rich worked on a group of new poems.

Jonathan Schell
1999 Lannan Literary Award for Nonfiction

Joanna Scott
1999 Lannan Literary Award for Fiction

Joanna Scott, a professor of English at the University of Rochester, is the author of six novels including Tourmaline, The Manikin, and a short story collection, Various Antidotes. She has received a MacArthur Fellowship and a Lannan Literary Award for Fiction.

The Chicago Tribune notes, “Scott is a thoughtful storyteller, armed with a technical expertise…[she] has an intuitive understanding of the complicated dance between literature and life.”

John Barth

1998 Lannan Lifetime Achievement Award

John Barth’s novels include Once Upon a Time: A Floating Opera; The Last Voyage of Somebody the Sailor; Tidewater Tales; Sabbatical: A Romance; Giles Goat-Boy or, The Revised New Syllabus; and The Sot-Weed Factor. His two short story collections are On with the Story and Lost in the Funhouse.

Mr. Barth has written, “We tell stories and listen to them because we live stories and live in them. Narrative equals language equals life: To cease to narrate…is to die.” Mr. Barth, who is professor emeritus at Johns Hopkins University, received the Lannan Lifetime Achievement Award in 1998.

Frank Bidart
1998 Lannan Literary Award for Poetry

J.M. Coetzee
1998 Lannan Literary Award for Fiction

J.M. Coetzee was born in Cape Town, South Africa. His novels include The Master of Petersburg, Age of Iron, The Life and Times of Michael K., Waiting for the Barbarians, In the Heart of the Country, and Disgrace. He has also written a memoir, Boyhood: Scenes from Provincial Life.

Mr. Coetzee, who is a recipient of the Lannan Literary Award for Fiction, teaches at the University of Cape Town and the University of Chicago.

Jon Davis
1998 Lannan Literary Award for Poetry

Lydia Davis
1998 Lannan Literary Award for Fiction

Lydia Davis is the author a novel, End of the Story, and five collections of stories, including Almost No Memory, Break It Down, and Sketches for a Life of Wassily. Ms. Davis has also translated Jean-Paul Sartre and Maurice Blanchot, as well as biographies of Marie Curie and Alexis de Tocqueville, from the French.

Ms. Davis, who received a Lannan Literary Award for Fiction in 1998, lives in upstate New York and teaches at Bard College.

Stuart Dybek

1998 Lannan Literary Award for Fiction

Stuart Dybek is the author of three collections of short fiction including, The Coast of Chicago and Childhood and Other Neighborhoods, as well as a volume of poetry, Brass Knuckles. His latest book, I Sailed with Magellan, is a novel told in eleven stories by a single narrator who navigates the stark neighborhoods of Chicago’s South Side, visiting all of its colorful characters such as the man who takes his young nephew to a string of taverns where the boy sings for his uncle’s bourbon; a small-time thug who is distracted from making a hit by the mysterious reappearance of several ex-girlfriends; and two unemployed youths who hatch a scheme to finance their road trip to Mexico by selling orchids stolen from the rich side of town.

Dybek’s writing has been frequently anthologized and has appeared in numerous periodicals including The New Yorker, The Atlantic Monthly, Harper’s, Poetry, The Paris Review, and Tri-Quarterly. His most recent publication is Streets in Their Own Ink, a collection of poems.

Mary Oliver
1998 Lannan Literary Award for Poetry

Mary Oliver’s poetry, with her lyrical connection to the natural world, has firmly established her in the highest realm of American poets. She is renowned for her evocative and precise imagery, which brings nature into clear focus, transforming the everyday world into a place of magic and discovery. Her recent books include Owls and Other Fantasies, Why I Wake Early, and New and Selected Poems, Volume Two. As poet Stanley Kunitz has said, “Mary Oliver’s poetry is fine and deep; it reads like a blessing.” Oliver lives in Provincetown, Massachusetts.

Chet Raymo
1998 Lannan Literary Award for Nonfiction

Chet Raymo is a writer, teacher, and naturalist, whose twelve books include Natural Prayers; Skeptics and True Believers; and The Soul of the Night: An Astronomical Pilgrimage.

Of Mr. Raymo’s writing, Stephen Jay Gould said, “These confessions of a wise religious humanist who also loves, practices, understands, and lives by the ideals and findings of science show us how to heal the false and unnecessary rifts in our intellectual cultures, and to bridge the gap between knowledge and morality.”

Mr. Raymo, who received a Lannan Literary Award for Nonfiction in 1998, teaches physics and astronomy at Stonehill College in Massachusetts and writes a science column for the Boston Globe.

Lawrence Weschler
1998 Lannan Literary Award for Nonfiction

Lawrence Weschler was for over twenty years a staff writer at The New Yorker where his work shuttled between political tragedies and cultural comedies. His books of political reportage include The Passion of Poland and A Miracle, A Universe: Settling Accounts with Torturers. His most recent work is Everything that Rises: A Book of Convergences . Weschler, awarded a Lannan Award for Nonfiction in 1999, is currently director of the New York Institute for the Humanities at NYU.

Lois-Ann Yamanaka
1998 Lannan Literary Award for Fiction

Lois-Ann Yamanaka was born on the island of Moloka’i in Hawaii. She has written three novels, Heads by Harry; Blu’s Hanging; and Wild Meat and the Bully Burgers, and a collection of poetry; Saturday Night at the Pahala Theatre.

Ms. Yamanaka, who writes in Hawaiian Creole English, a language stigmatized by its association with the immigrant class, has said, “I am devoted to telling stories the way I have experienced them—cultural identity and linguistic identity being skin and flesh to my body.”

Ms. Yamanaka received a Lannan Literary Award in 1998.

Howard Zinn
1998 Lannan Literary Award for Nonfiction

Howard Zinn, a professor emeritus of political science at Boston University, is the author of twenty books, including You Can’t Remain Neutral on a Moving Train, a powerful memoir of his life and political activism, and A People’s History of the United States: 1492-Present, a history written from the standpoint of those who have been marginalized politically and economically and whose struggles have been largely omitted from most histories.

Ken Smith
1997 Lannan Literary Award for Poetry

John Banville
1997 Lannan Literary Award for Fiction

William Gass
1997 Lannan Lifetime Achievement Award

William Gass is a novelist, essayist, philosopher, and teacher. Mr. Gass, whose books include Cartesian Sonata, The Tunnel, and Omensetter’s Luck, received the Lannan Lifetime Achievement Award in 1997. William Gass states in his essay Culture, Self, and Society , “A culture morally and functionally fails which does not let its crazies, its artists and its saints, its scientists and politicians, claim, on occasion, a higher law than its own congresses can pass, traditions permit, or conscience conceive.”

Anne Michaels
1997 Lannan Literary Award for Fiction

Grace Paley
1997 Lannan Literary Award for Fiction

David Quammen
1997 Lannan Literary Award for Nonfiction

David Abram
1996 Lannan Literary Award for Nonfiction

Charles Bowden
1996 Lannan Literary Award for Nonfiction

Charles Bowden is the author of eleven books including A Shadow in the City: Confessions of an Undercover Dog; Down By the River: Drugs, Money, Murder and Family; Juárez: The Laboratory of our Future; Blood Orchid: An Unnatural History of America; Desierto: Memories of the Future; Red Line; Blue Desert; and (with Michael Binstein) Trust Me: Charles Keating and the Missing Billions.

He is a contributing editor of Esquire, and also writes for other magazines such as Harper’s and The New York Times Book Review, as well as for newspapers. Winner of the 1996 Lannan Literary Award for Nonfiction, he lives in Tucson, Arizona.

Louis de Bernières
1995 Lannan Literary Award for Fiction

Thomas Berry
1995 Lannan Literary Award for Nonfiction

Alice Munro
1995 Lannan Literary Award for Fiction

Richard K. Nelson
1995 Lannan Literary Award for Nonfiction

Scott Russell Sanders
1995 Lannan Literary Award for Nonfiction

Scott Russell Sanders is the author of the nonfiction books The Force of Spirit, The Country of Language, Hunting for Hope, Writing from the Center, and Staying Put.

His fiction works include The Invisible Company, The Engineer of Beasts, Bad Man Ballad, and Terrarium.

Mr. Sanders, who teaches at Indiana University, in Bloomington, received the Lannan Literary Award for Nonfiction in 1995.

Simon Armitage
1994 Lannan Literary Award for Poetry

Eavan Boland
1994 Lannan Literary Award for Poetry

Eavan Boland explores the relationship between gender, art, and national identity in her work. She was born in Dublin, Ireland in 1944 and educated in London, New York and Dublin.

Her most recent book of poetry, Against Love Poems, concerns marriage and “the stoicism of dailyness” she explains. Of writing poetry she says,”I don’t write a poem to express an experience. I write it to experience the experience.”

Boland first read for the Readings & Conversations series in 1994 and was a recipient of the Lannan Literary Award for Poetry that year. A regular reviewer for the Irish Times, she has been a professor of English at Stanford University since 1995, and serves