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Protect or Plunder?
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Intellectual property rights, TRIPS, patents - all the ideas, technologies (including genes), and manipulation of life forms that are current can be owned and exploited for profit by giant corporations. This book explores and analyses how intellectual copyright can be seen as corporate plunder.
Intellectual property rights, TRIPS, patents - they sound technical, even boring. Yet what kinds of ideas, technologies, identification of genes, even manipulations of life forms can be owned and exploited for profit by giant corporations is a vital issue for our times. Vandana Shiva shows how the Western-inspired and unprecedented widening of the concept of intellectual poperty does not in fact stimulate human creativity and the generation of knowledge. Instead, it is being exploited by transnational corporations to increase their profits at the expense of the health of ordinary people especially the poor, and the age-old knowledge of the world's farmers. Intellectual protection is being transformed into corporate plunder. Little wonder popular resistance is rising around the world to the World Trade Organization, that polices this new intellectual world order, the pharmaceutical, biotech and other corporations which dominate it, and the new technologies they are foisting upon us.
|Publisher||Zed Books Ltd|
|Published in||United Kingdom|
Introduction - patents - an ethical crisis. Part 1 The role of patents in history: patents as instruments of conquest
patents as rewards for inventiveness
patents as instruments for technology transfer, catching up and import monopolies
patents and control over the global economy. Part 2 The myth of patents: the myth of stimulating creativity
the myth of technology transfer, innovation and R
the myth of knowledge generation
of spies, crime and IPRs. Part 3 Threats to biodiversity: the enclosure of the commons. Part 4 Biopiracy: what is biopiracy: stealing from the pharmacy of the poor
stealing from the farms of our farmers
stealing nature's pesticide
resolving biopiracy. Part 5 Can seed be owned?: seeds - the ultimate gift
patents on plants
patents on seed - terminating germination. Part 6 Profiteering from disease. Part 7 Democracy or dictatorship?: trade related intellectual property rights (TRIPS)
TRIPS and patents on plants
TRIPS and biodiversity
TRIPS and patent laws in India. Part 8 The way forward: TRIPS reform and review
farmers' rights as community rights - the sui generis system
intellectual property rights reform.